Building a Simple Blogging GraphQL API with Django and Strawberry

Django-based GraphQL API developed using the Strawberry framework.

Building a Simple Blogging GraphQL API with Django and Strawberry

What is GraphQL?

GraphQL is a query language for APIs that enables clients to request only the data they need and nothing more. Unlike traditional REST APIs, where clients are often constrained by the fixed structure of the responses, GraphQL allows clients to specify the shape of the response they require, empowering them with more flexibility and efficiency.

With GraphQL, clients can send queries to the server specifying exactly which fields they want to retrieve, eliminating over-fetching and under-fetching of data. This declarative approach to data fetching results in more efficient network usage and faster response times, making GraphQL an ideal choice for building modern APIs.


In this article, we'll explore how to build a Django-based blogging GraphQL API that focuses on providing basic functionalities for a blogging platform. It allows users to create posts and add comments, all accessible through a GraphQL endpoint. This project aims to demonstrate how to leverage Django and Strawberry to rapidly develop a GraphQL API for a blogging platform.

MyBlogProject leverages the power of GraphQL to provide a seamless and intuitive interface for interacting with the blogging platform. With GraphQL, clients can craft queries tailored to their specific needs, enabling a more efficient exchange of data between the client and server.

1. Project Structure

Code :

The project structure follows a typical Django setup:

blog/: Contains the Django app for blogging functionalities.

myblogproject/: Main project directory.

db.sqlite3: SQLite database file. : Django's command-line utility for administrative tasks.

2. Features

  • Post Creation: Users can create new blog posts with titles, content, and author information.

  • Commenting: Users can add comments to existing blog posts.

  • GraphQL API: The API is implemented using the Strawberry framework, providing a GraphQL endpoint for interacting with the blog data.

Users can update and delete the posts and comments as well!

3. Installation

  1. Clone the repository:

     git clone
  2. Navigate to the project directory:

     cd myblogproject
  3. Create a virtual environment:

     python -m venv venv
  4. Activate the virtual environment:

    • On Windows:

    • On macOS and Linux:

        source venv/bin/activate
  5. Install dependencies:

     pip install -r requirements.txt
  6. Apply migrations:

     python makemigrations
     python migrate

2. Usage

  1. Run the development server:

     python runserver
  2. Access the GraphQL endpoint at http://localhost:8000/graphql/ to interact with the API.

3. CRUD Operations using GraphQL API

▪︎ query posts

▪︎ create post

▪︎ create another post

▪︎ query all posts

▪︎ update post with postId:13

▪︎ query all posts again

As you can see the title for post with postId:13 is updated.

▪︎ You can query a post using postId as well!

▪︎ Let's add a comment on post with postId:13

▪︎ Let's add another comment on post with postId:13

▪︎ query all posts

You can see 2 comments on post with postId:13

▪︎ You can update, delete the comments as well!

4. Conclusion

Building a blogging GraphQL API with Django and Strawberry is a straightforward process that provides a flexible and efficient solution for creating and managing blog content. With MyBlogProject as a starting point, you can extend and customize the functionality to suit your specific requirements.